Diabetic & Me

Top 14 best vitamins and supplements for diabetics type 1 and 2 (Review 2020)

Best vitamins and supplements for diabetics
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Winter is coming. It's time to increase your vitamin intake. Depending on the type of diabetes you have, there are some vitamins or supplements that may be better for you.

In this article you will learn about:

  • Can vitamins or supplements cure diabetes?
  • Should I stop eating vegetables?
  • Can I combine vitamins safely?
  • Important vitamins, supplements and herbs
  • The best vitamins and supplements for diabetics

Introduction

Ever felt depressed when seasons change? You are not alone! Most symptoms start to get worse around fall and peak during the winter months. You can feel lonely, have lack of concentration, social withdrawal, and feel very tired. On top of that you can also have these symptoms because you have diabetes. These symptoms can be amplified during winter. The extra intake of vitamins, supplements or herbs can be a solution to boost your mood and make you feel much stronger during these though moments.

Can vitamins or supplements cure diabetes?

No, diabetes type 1 or type 2 can't be cured with taking vitamins or supplements. They can stimulate your overall health but definitely not cure diabetes. Vitamins and supplements should only be taken to improve a vitamin deficiency or to strengthen your health and immune system. Always talk to your doctor or read the package insert before taking your vitamins or supplements.

Should I stop eating vegetables?

Definitely not. Always eat your vegetables and fruits. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and minerals that are good for your health. They are low in fat, salt and sugar. They belong into well-balanced diet and a healthy, active lifestyle. 

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American adults need more of the following nutrients.

  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Fiber
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E

When your body craves for vitamins you can also change your diet and eat more foods that contain high doses of vitamins. If you are allergic to certain food or just don't like to eat them, you can always take vitamins or supplements to strengthen your body and health.

Some asparagus get you the daily dose of folic acid, which fights sadness. Try some oranges or lemons to increase vitamin C that has a stress reduction impact. A a few brazil nuts can do wonders to get more than your daily dose of selenium, which can help prevent anxiety. Salmon, which contains a high level of vitamin D boosts levels of serotonin, a key neurotransmitter affecting our moods. Oily fish delivers omega-3 fatty acids which help to cope with depression. As a diabetic you can try some warm oatmeal in the morning for breakfast. It is rich in fiber, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.

Great resources are;

  • Whole-wheat pasta and grains,  crackers, breads, and rolls
  • Brown rice or quinoa
  • Beans, lentils and chickpeas
  • Seeds and nuts
  • Broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, spinach and kale
  • Squash, carrots, sweet potatoes, turnips, and pumpkin
  • Snap peas, green beans, bell peppers, and asparagus
  • Apples, mangos, papaya, pineapple, and bananas
  • Citrus fruits, such as grapefruits and oranges
  • Peaches, pears, and melons
  • Tomatoes and avocados
  • Lean beef, veal, and lamb
  • Turkey bacon, ground chicken or turkey
  • Wild-caught salmon, wild-caught tuna, white fish and other oily fish
  • Shrimp and mussels

Can I combine vitamins safely?

Most vitamines can be taken together. But always read the package insert or ask your pharmacy or doctor's advice. Most vitamins are produced in pill form and contain different sorts of vitamins all together.

The 14 best vitamins and supplements for diabetics type 1 and 2

Alpha lipoic acid is a sulfur-containing fatty acid, which occurs naturally in the human body. It's an important molecule, which is found in every cell of the human body. More precisely, alpha lipoic acid is located in the mitochondria of every cell: the energy factories where sugars are burned and converted into the energy that the human body needs. Alpha lipoic acid is therefore essential for cellular energy production.

There are strong indications that alpha lipoic acid could be of preventive and therapeutic value in diabetes, both type 1 and type 2. The protective effect of alpha lipoic acid in diabetes can be explained by; lowering of blood sugar and protection of the nervous tissue against free radicals

You need biotin (vitamin B8) to release energy from food. Furthermore, biotin plays a role in the formation of fatty acids. Biotin also contributes to the maintenance of normal skin and hair, and the normal functioning of the nervous system.

The blood glucose lowering action of biotin has also been observed in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; the effect is most pronounced with a reduced biotin status. Supplementation with 16 mg biotin per day for one week reduced fasting blood glucose levels by 50% in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Supplements of biotin may have a significant effect on glucose levels for both type 1 and type 2 diabetics.

L-carnitine is a non-essential amino acid-like compound, which means that it is produced naturally in the body. Its main function is to help the body produce energy. It also plays an important role in muscle movement and the normal functioning of the brain and heart.

Diabetics who take carnitine as a supplement respond well, and high levels of fat in the bloodstream may be reduced fast.

Carnitine helps to break down fatty acids in the body and binds acyl residues. For these reasons, it may be useful to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis.

Chromium, also known as chromium, is required for insulin to work properly and for maintaining blood sugar levels. In addition, it also plays a role in fat metabolism.

Cereal products with a high content of bran contain a lot of chromium. It is not clear whether chromium from these products can also be properly absorbed. Furthermore, chromium is mainly found in brewer's yeast, wholemeal bread, vegetables, cane sugar molasses, meat and liver. Meat, poultry, and fish contain between 1-2 micrograms of chromium per serving. The chromium content in fruits and vegetables varies greatly.

Mixing extra vitamin C into your diet via citrus fruits or supplements improves the absorption of chromium.

Magnesium is necessary for the energy metabolism in the body and , the transmission of nerve impulses and the proper functioning of the muscles. It tends to decline in people with diabetes, and may fall to dangerously low levels Furthermore, magnesium gives strength to the skeleton and is necessary for building muscles. It also contributes to the energy supply of our body.

No Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) has been established for magnesium. If no RDA can be determined, an Adequate Intake (AI) is estimated. The Adequate Intake (AI) of magnesium for adult men has been set at 350 milligrams per day, for adult women at 300 milligrams per day.

Researchers have found a link between higher magnesium intake, lower rates of insulin resistance, and diabetes. Supplemental magnesium may improve insulin sensitivity in diabetics. 

Taurine is an amino acid found in some animal foods, as well as in some tissues of our body. Taurine makes up a large amount of the "free" amino acids that circulate in the body instead of making proteins. It contains sulfur, making it important in many of the body's physiological functions. The role the amino acid plays for our energy makes it a common ingredient in energy drinks and other energy supplements.

Type 1 diabetics often suffer from low taurine levels, and this can in turn affect the thickness of the blood and increase the risk of heart disease. Supplementary taurine for diabetic patients may be able to correct levels of blood viscosity.

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is part of the vitamin B complex. It used to be thought that there was only one vitamin B. Later on, vitamin B turned out to consist of several separate vitamins. B vitamins are water soluble vitamins. Vitamin B12 prevents some form of anemia. It is also important for good resistance. In addition, it plays a role in the formation of healthy red blood cells, ensures proper functioning of the nervous system and contributes to the energy supply.

There are no known adverse effects of an excessive intake of vitamin B12. An upper limit cannot be specified exactly. The Vitamin Information Bureau applies a guideline of a maximum of five times the recommended daily amount (RDA) per day.

The presence of vitamin b 12 is necessary for the correct functioning of nerve cells, and therefore taking it as a supplement may help to reduce nerve damage.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), a water-soluble vitamin, is primarily important for a good resistance. In addition, it ensures healthy bones, teeth, skin and blood vessels. It ensures a properly functioning nervous system and contributes to the energy supply. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant and, together with vitamin E, protects the body against free radicals. Free radicals play a role in aging processes. Vitamin C also promotes the absorption of iron.

In the first place, a shortage of vitamin C causes reduced resistance, wound healing and the build-up of connective tissue.

Type 1 diabetics generally have low vitamin C levels. By increasing the amount of vitamin c in the bloodstream, the amount of sorbitol (a harmful sugar) may be lowered.

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, is important for strong bones and teeth and promotes the absorption of the minerals calcium and phosphorus in the body. Vitamin D also plays a role in the maintenance of resistance and the proper functioning of the muscles. The main source of vitamin D is sunlight. Vitamin D is produced in the skin under the influence of sunlight.

Sunlight is the main source of vitamin D. About two-thirds of the amount of vitamin D you need on a daily basis is produced in this way. The rest comes from food, vitamins or extra supplements.

It is thought to help boost insulin sensitivity, which is vital for blood glucose regulation.

Vitamin E (tocopherol), a fat-soluble vitamin, plays a role in the production of red blood cells and the maintenance of muscle and other tissues. It is also important for resistance. Vitamin E is an antioxidant.

Vitamin E is found in vegetable oils and in vegetable products such as grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruits. Animal products contain relatively little vitamin E.

Increasing vitamin E in the bloodstream may decrease the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes and diabetic complications.

Zinc is necessary for the construction of proteins and thus for the growth and renewal of tissue. Zinc also ensures healthy bones, hair and skin, and a good memory. In addition, it plays a role in the construction and breakdown of carbohydrates. Zinc is part of the hormone insulin and ensures that the immune system works properly. It also contributes towards fertility.

Zinc is mainly found in meat, dairy, fish (herring), brown bread, legumes and rice.

Type 1 diabetics are often zinc deficient, and supplements have been shown to lower blood sugar levels in some type 1 cases.

Matcha is Japanese green powdered tea and is known as the superfood among superfoods, it contains 10x more antioxidants than normal green tea and gives you an increased ability to concentrate.

Matcha lowers cholesterol. The rich antioxidant content in matcha slows down aging in our body. As a result, matcha helps to prevent heart disease and keeps skin and blood vessels more flexible.

Matcha keeps blood sugar in balance. An even blood sugar level improves the metabolism and the burning of calories. Matcha therefore helps you lose weight and keep your weight under control.

Cinnamon is one of the favorite spices for raw breakfast creations, healthy snacks and delicious desserts. It adds a warm aroma and spicy sweet flavor to recipes. And even better, cinnamon helps to lose weight and control diabetes!

Cinnamon helps lower blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. It slows down the absorption of sugar into the blood and thus prevents sharp rises and falls in blood sugar.  Cinnamon is also able to stimulate the production of insulin.

Cinnamon plays an important role as a potential insulin substitute because it affects blood sugar levels and can control diabetes or make diabetes management easier.

The substance resveratrol is found in, among other things, red wine, peanuts and dark chocolate. It is also available in the form of a dietary supplement. In a previous study, the researchers showed that resveratrol lowers blood sugar in people without type 2 diabetes. That led to the question: is this related to the cells' sensitivity to insulin, so that they can better absorb sugar?

In animal studies, it helps prevent high blood sugar. These studies have also shown that it can reduce stress. However, human data is limited. It is too soon to know if supplements helps with diabetes management.

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