Diabetic & Me

Top 14 best vitamins and supplements for diabetics (Review 2020)

Best vitamins and supplements for diabetics

Winter is coming. It's time to increase your vitamin intake. There are some vitamins for diabetics or supplements that may be better for you depending on the type you have. Below you can find a list of the best vitamins and supplements for diabetics.

In this article you will learn about:

  • Can vitamins or supplements cure diabetes?
  • What is the best immune booster for diabetics?
  • Should I stop eating vegetables?
  • Can I take my vitamins together with diabetes medication?

#1 best vitamin for diabetics

NOW Supplements, Acetyl-L Carnitine 500 mg
  • Great for diabetics
  • Important amino acid
  • Breaks down fats
  • Essential for cellular energy
  • Preventive and therapeutic value 

Introduction

Ever felt depressed when seasons change? You are not alone! Most symptoms start to get worse around fall and peak during the winter months. The weather gets colder and darker. You can feel lonely, have lack of concentration, social withdrawal, and feel very tired. On top of that you can also have these symptoms because you have diabetes. These symptoms can be amplified during winter and feel worse for people with diabetes. The extra intake of vitamins, multivitamins, best supplements for diabetics or herbs can be a solution to boost your mood and make you feel much stronger during these though moments.

What supplements should diabetics take?

For me, the best supplements and vitamins that boost my immune system, is a healthy lifestyle with exercise and a proper diet. Keeping your blood sugar levels under control automatically gives you the boost you need. But, I also have negative effects on my mood and immune system during the winter periods. Therefore I consume magnesium, vitamin D and C. When the winter months are over I generally consume vitamin D once per month as I have a naturally vitamin D deficiency. 

Can vitamins or supplements cure diabetes?

Definitely not! Diabetes can't be cured with taking any sort of vitamins or supplements.

They can stimulate your overall health but definitely not cure diabetes. Vitamins and dietary supplements should only be taken to improve a vitamin deficiency or to strengthen your health and immune system. People with diabetes should always talk to your doctor or read the package insert before taking any vitamins or dietary supplements for diabetes.

On the other side it's always better to be on top of your blood sugar control. Some supplements may help and have positive result on your blood sugar. Avoiding high blood sugar is a must. Make sure to control blood sugar on a regular basis. Many people don't and their diabetes treatment may cause side effects.

Should I stop eating vegetables?

No. Always eat your vegetables and fruits. They are good food sources, and fruits and vegetables contain several vitamins that are beneficial for your overall health and body. They are low in fat, salt and sugar. They belong into well-balanced diet and a healthy, active lifestyle. This is not medical advice but as we all know they contain many vitamins.

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, American adults need more of the following nutrients.

  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Fiber
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E

Whenever your body craves for vitamins you'll be able to additionally modify your diet and eat additional foods that contain high doses of vitamins and minerals. If you are allergic to certain food or just don't like to eat them, people with diabetes can always take vitamins or supplements for diabetes to strengthen your body and health. Even people with type 2 can take vitamins and supplements.

Asparagus are a great and delicious vegetable that tops up your daily dose of vitamin M (Folic Acid). It fights the feeling of disappointment and depression To increase your vitamin C you can always add oranges or lemons into your diet. Vitamin C has a big stress reduction impact. 

A few brazil nuts can do wonders to get more than your daily dose of selenium, which can help prevent anxiety. Salmon, which contains a high level of vitamin D boosts levels of serotonin, a key neurotransmitter affecting our moods. Oily fish delivers omega-3 fatty acids which help to cope with depression. As a diabetic you can try some warm oatmeal in the morning for breakfast. It is rich in fiber, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.

Great resources are;

  • Whole-wheat pasta and grains
  • Brown rice or quinoa
  • Beans, lentils and chickpeas
  • Seeds and nuts
  • Broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, spinach and kale
  • Snap peas, green beans, bell peppers, and asparagus
  • Apples, mangos, papaya, pineapple, and bananas
  • Citrus fruits
  • Tomatoes and avocados
  • Lean beef, veal, and lamb
  • Turkey bacon, ground chicken or turkey
  • Wild-caught salmon, wild-caught tuna, white fish and other oily fish

Can you take vitamins with diabetes medication?

Most vitamins can be taken together with any diabetes medication. Most vitamins can be even be taken together and should always be used before or during your meals. It's always recommended to read the vitamin or supplement package insert before consuming. When in doubt consult your pharmacy or doctor for advice. People with type 2 diabetes can take supplements for diabetes. Type 2 diabetes should not cause you any trouble.

What are the best vitamins and supplements for diabetics?

Acetyl-L Carnitine could be a non-essential amino acid, which implies that it's created naturally within the body. Its main task is to assist the body with the creation of energy. It conjointly plays a very important role in muscle movement and therefore also the functioning of the brain and heart. 


Diabetics respond very well when using Acetyl-L Carnitine supplements. High levels of fat in the bloodstream may be reduced fast.


Carnitine helps to break down fatty acids in the body and binds acyl residues. It may be useful to prevent ketoacidosis.

You need biotin (vitamin B8) to release energy from food. Furthermore, biotin plays a role in the formation of fatty acids.

Biotin conjointly contributes to the upkeep of traditional skin and hair, and also the traditional functioning of the peripheral-nervous-system.

The blood glucose lowering action of biotin has also been observed in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; the effect is most pronounced with a reduced biotin status. Supplementation with 16 mg biotin per day for one week reduced fasting blood glucose levels by 50% in patients with type 1 diabetes.


Any supplement that contains biotin (vitamin H) can have an effect on the glucose levels.

Alpha lipoic acid is a sulfur-containing fatty acid, which occurs naturally in the human body. It's an important molecule, which is found in every cell of the human body. More precisely, alpha lipoic acid is located in the mitochondria of every cell: the energy factories where sugars are burned and converted into the energy that the human body needs. Alpha lipoic acid is therefore essential for cellular energy production.

There are strong indications that alpha lipoic acid could be of preventive and therapeutic value in diabetes, both type 1 and type 2. The protective effect of alpha lipoic acid in diabetes can be explained by; lowering of blood sugar and protection of the nervous tissue against free radicals

Chromium, is needed for the secretion of insulin and to work properly. Eventually maintaining the glucose levels in your body. It also plays and important part in fat metabolism.

Products containing cereal  can contain loads of Chromium. It is possible that Chromium won't be absorbed via these products. Chromium is especially found in brewer's yeast, wholemeal bread, vegetables and meat. Meat, poultry, and fish contain between 1-2 micrograms of Chromium per serving. Consuming extra Chromium supplements is always a great addition to your diet.

Mixing extra vitamin C into your diet via citrus fruits or supplements improves the absorption of Chromium.

Magnesium is necessary for the energy metabolism in the body and , the transmission of nerve impulses and the proper functioning of the muscles. A lower level of magnesium can found typically in people with diabetes. If not treated correctly it can reach extreme low levels. Magnesium gives strength to the skeleton and is critical for building muscles. It also plays a big role in the energy supply of your body.


There is no Recommended Daily Allowance for consuming magnesium. If no RDA can be determined, an Adequate Intake (AI) is estimated. The Adequate Intake (AI) of magnesium for adult men has been set at 350 milligrams per day, for adult women at 300 milligrams per day.

A connection has been found between higher magnesium intake, lower rates of insulin resistance, and diabetes. Supplemental magnesium may improve insulin sensitivity in diabetics. 

Taurine is an amino acid found in some animal foods, as well as in some tissues of our body. Taurine makes up a large amount of the "free" amino acids that circulate in the body instead of making proteins. It contains sulfur, making it important in many of the body's physiological functions. The role the amino acid plays for our energy makes it a common ingredient in energy drinks and other energy supplements.

Type one diabetics typically suffer from lower taurine levels, and this will successively have an effect on the thickness of the blood and increase the chance of cardiopathy. Supplementary taurine for diabetic patients could also be able to correct these levels.

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is part of the vitamin B complex. It used to be thought that there was only one vitamin B. Later on, vitamin B turned out to consist of several separate vitamins. B vitamins are water soluble vitamins. Vitamin B12 prevents some form of anemia. It is also important for good resistance. In addition, it plays a role in the formation of healthy red blood cells, ensures proper functioning of the nervous system and contributes to the energy supply.

There is no knowledge about any harmful effects associated with an overindulgent intake of vitamin B12. An upper limit cannot be specified exactly. The Vitamin Information Bureau applies a guideline of a maximum of five times the recommended daily amount per day.

Vitamin B12 is well known for its positive influence on the nerve cells, and so taking it as a supplement might facilitate to scale back nerve injury.

Vitamin C is primarily necessary for a good resistance and immune system. Additionally, it ensures healthy bones, teeth, and skin. It ensures a properly functioning immune system and contributes to your energy levels. Vitamin C is natural antioxidant and combined with vitamin E, it protects the body against diseases. Vitamin C conjointly promotes the absorption of iron.

A shortage of vitamin C causes a reduced immune system and therefore less resistance against diseases. Type one diabetics typically have a lower vitamin C level.

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, is important for strong bones and teeth and promotes the absorption of the minerals calcium and phosphorus in the body. Vitamin D also plays a role in the maintenance of resistance and the proper functioning of the muscles. Vitamin D is mainly being retrieved via daylight, more specifically, sunlight. Vitamin D is created in the skin with a big help of sunlight. Two-thirds of the needed amount of vitamin D on a daily basis is produced via sunlight. The rest comes from food, vitamins or extra supplements.


It helps to boost the secretion of insulin and insulin sensitivity, which plays an important role for blood sugar level regulation.

Vitamin E (tocopherol), a fat-soluble vitamin, plays a role in the production of red blood cells and the maintenance of muscle and other tissues. It is also important for resistance. Vitamin E is an antioxidant.

Mainly, vitamin E is found in vegetable products like grains, nuts, seeds, vegetables, fruits and oils.

Using vitamin E supplements can decrease the possibility of developing type 2 diabetics and any other diabetic complications.

Zinc is necessary for the construction of proteins and thus for the growth and renewal of tissue. Zinc also ensures healthy bones, hair and skin, and a good memory. In addition, it plays a role in the construction and breakdown of carbohydrates. Zinc is part of the hormone insulin and ensures that the immune system works properly. It also contributes towards fertility.

Zinc is mainly found in meat, dairy, fish (herring), brown bread, legumes and rice.

Zinc deficiency is a common factor with type 1 diabetics. Taking zinc supplements may lower blood sugar levels for some type 1 diabetics.

Matcha is Japanese green powdered tea and is known as the superfood among superfoods, it contains 10x more antioxidants than normal green tea and gives you an increased ability to concentrate.

Matcha lowers cholesterol. The rich antioxidant content in matcha slows down aging in our body. As a result, matcha helps to prevent heart disease and keeps skin and blood vessels more flexible.

Matcha keeps the blood sugar levels in balance. An even blood sugar level improves the metabolism and the burning of calories. Matcha therefore helps you lose weight and keep your weight under control.

Cinnamon is one of the favorite spices for raw breakfast creations, healthy snacks and delicious desserts. It adds a warm aroma and spicy sweet flavor to recipes. And even better, cinnamon helps to lose weight and control diabetes!

Cinnamon helps lower blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. It slows down the absorption of sugar into the blood and thus prevents sharp rises and falls in blood sugar.  Cinnamon is also able to stimulate the production of insulin.

Cinnamon plays an important role as a potential insulin substitute because it affects blood sugar levels and can control diabetes or make diabetes management easier.

The substance resveratrol is found in, among other things, red wine, peanuts and dark chocolate. It is also available in the form of a dietary supplement. In a previous study, the researchers showed that resveratrol lowers blood sugar in people without type 2 diabetes. That led to the question: is this related to the cells' sensitivity to insulin, so that they can better absorb sugar?

Current studies and data are too limited. It can reduce stress and in some animal studies it actually reduced high blood sugars. At the moment it's a bit too soon to say that a resveratrol supplement helps with diabetes management.

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About the author

Ely Fornoville

Hi, I'm Ely Fornoville and I am the founder of Diabetic & Me. Being a type 1 diabetic since 1996 I developed a passion to help people learn more about diabetes. I write about diabetes and share stories from other diabetics around the world.I am currently using a Freestyle Libre CGM and a Minimed 640G insulin pump with Humalog.

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